After further negotiations between the UK and the EU, a revised withdrawal agreement was reached on 17 October. [135] Two days later, a special session of Parliament (called “Super Saturday” by the media) was held to discuss the new agreement. [136] [137] [138] MEPs adopted the Second Amendment Letwin 322 to 306, which had refused Parliament`s approval until the adoption of legislation to implement the agreement, and forced the government to ask the EU to delay Brexit until 31 January 2020. [139] The amended amendment was then adopted by MPs without a vote, as the government had accepted the de facto defeat. [140] On 21 October, House of Commons spokesman John Bercow rejected a government request to hold a vote on the Brexit deal, citing his earlier decision to withdraw it. [141] But minutes later, in a second vote, Mr Johnson collapsed in a 308-322 defeat as MPs blocked his proposed timetable for the Brexit deal to leave the EU until 31 October. At their meeting, Johnson said he wanted to reach a “broad free trade agreement for goods and services and cooperation in other areas.” However, in the 2019 elections, the party`s position changed and offered voters a renegotiated EU withdrawal agreement, followed by a referendum, which would include a retention option. The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows. The government rejected the Lords` proposal to give the House of Commons the power to decide the next steps for the government if the withdrawal agreement is rejected by Parliament. [35] Labour MP Keir Starmer has asked Conservative MPs who want the UK to remain in the EU to vote with Labour on the Lords amendment when the bill returns to the House of Commons[36] [37] and former Labour Prime Minister Gordon Brown suggested that May could be replaced by a new Conservative Prime Minister if she lost the vote.

[38] Prominent Tory-Restin amber Rudd urged her party`s MPs to support the government in the vote. [36] In a vote on maintaining the customs union in December 2017, 63 Labour MPs voted in favour and 4 against.